RIPE FOR HARVEST – 26 Jan 2012

(quoted from Arni Klein, Klein Fax, 20 Jan 2012)

Most of you will remember the court battle in Beer Sheva between the Messianic believers and the orthodox community.  In the natural,one might say it didn’t turn out well considering all the time, energy, resources, prayer, and heart that was sown during those days.  We generally expect victory to look a certain way.  As we perceived it,that battle was not really about right and wrong or our reputation.   Our hearts’ desire was that the souls imprisoned by a cultish religious structure would be freed.

Over recent months the darkness of the orthodox system has been front-page news.  The cover has been pulled back revealing their intolerance of any one different as being quite ugly and surprisingly violent.  Could it be that we are witnessing an unexpected face of victory?  Rather than this spirit being bound, it is being given more freedom so all might see it as it really is.  Many have long been at the edge of this community unable to take the step out to the freedom their heart longs for.

Beloved, this is a strategic time to focus our prayers on those that are hearing the Lord calling.  May this exposure be the push that gives those that really do love the truth the strength and conviction to make the break.

FIRE – 6 Dec 2010

The fires in the Carmel forests in western Galilee near the Haifa area have finally been brought under control, but at great human and natural loss.  Israel received help from a number of countries to help fight the fire, especially from the air.  Help even came from Turkey, whose relationships with Israel have taken a turn for the worse in the last year.  Government officials are under fire, and if nothing else, God has shown that no matter how much we may want to “make the world better” (which obviously means different things to different people), our version of a “better world” can go up in flames and smoke in an instant.  Mercifully, it began to rain today in Israel (including the Carmel region, and even in Beer Sheva), furthering helping to douse the burning embers of this devastating fire, which has been called the worst natural disaster in Israeli history.

Three prison guard trainees from Beer Sheva were among those killed in the blaze of those trapped in a busload to go into the danger zone to try to rescue prisoners from the area.  There were also others from Negev towns and cities who were among the killed, and a number of them worked at the Beer Sheva prison facility.  Our congregation, Nachalat Yeshua, took up a special collection to give to the Beer Sheva families as an expression of our sympathy at this time. 

The apostle Peter writes that just as the world was once destroyed by water, so will it be a second time, but by fire.  There may actually be something to global warming to set the stage for that.  Some of us may think that we will not be around for that; but what if some of us are?  What will we do?  How will we react, or respond?  Will our faith be found secure in the Lord and in His promises that all things are in HIS hands?  As it is written, “Work out your salvation with fear and trembling.”  Our God is a consuming fire!  We dare not take Him for granted, but rather humbly place our whole-hearted trust in Yeshua, who died and rose again, and is coming again to renew His creation to make it a habitable place filled with the knowledge of His glory!  Hallelu-Yah!

With that in mind, here is a great breath of fresh air:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXh7JR9oKVE  

Yeshua was born King of the Jews; He died on the cross as King of the Jews; and the day is coming that He will be the King of the Jews!  Even so, come Lord Jesus!

Let us not be ashamed of the Lord Jesus Christ or of His words in this generation, which is ours to be His witnesses and a praise unto Him.

NACHALAT YESHUA/YESHUA’S INHERITANCE CONGREGATION – 16 Oct 2004

Ex 34:9  . . .pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us as Your inheritance 

Is 53:10-11  Yet it pleased YHVH to crush Him, putting Him to grief.  If You would make His soul a guilt offering, He shall see seed; He will prolong days, and the good pleasure of YHVH shall prosper in His hand.  He shall see the labor of His soul and be satisfied.  By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, for He shall bear their iniquities.

1Pet 2:9-10  But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; who once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy.

The Lord Jesus Christ gave his life unto death on the cross and rose again from among the dead in order that we who believe could receive the forgiveness of our sins and become righteous in God’s sight.  With this great love, we can live forever in His presence as His children and not die.  This was God’s plan and purpose from before the foundation of the world (Eph 1:3-14).  Yeshua told His disciples that all things that the Father has are His (Jn 16:15), including us whom He also received from God His Father (Jn 17:3).  In other words, we are Yeshua’s Inheritance according to the will and testament of God (Heb 9:15).

Yeshua is heir of all things, and the whole Earth and universe have been given Him by the Father.  All the nations are His.  We who have been saved from death in order to be His Bride have a special place in His heart.  It is for us He came into the world He made and died on the cross.  We are created in God’s image, and Messiah redeemed us with His own blood to serve Him with all our hearts in love.  You remember that YHVH God separated the tribe of Levi to be priests and to bless the people of Israel.  The LORD did not give them any portion of the Promised Land for an inheritance, but rather He Himself is to be their inheritance (Dt 10:8-9).  Levi was scattered throughout all the land and among each of the other tribes.  In this way, God made them, as a tribe, inheritors of the whole land and not of only a portion like the rest of the people!

How much more then have we, as priests to God in Messiah, received for an inheritance than the Levites even hope for at the present?!  Believers in Yeshua as Lord and Messiah have inherited eternal life in the new heavens and new earth which God will create at the end of time!  For now, we are God’s field and His building (1Cor 3:9).  Yeshua told the parable of buying the field with treasure, and then of even selling the treasure in order to have the one pearl of great price (Mt 13:44-46).  This is who we are in His sight to the point of giving up all that was His by rights so that we would know His everlasting love for us!  Consider, too, that God has made our bodies a holy temple – a house —  for His dwelling place.  The Holy Spirit lives in us (1Cor 6:19-20).  God has given our entire being as an inheritance to Yeshua, and the Church is His Body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.  What a prize we have in the high calling of God in Messiah Jesus! (Phlp 3:12-14)  If we would apprehend with our hearts and our minds our identity and destiny as Christians – whether Jew or gentile – our whole disposition would be changed and we would bear much good fruit as we abide in the true vine.

As we have spoken here many times, we come from different streams of life, and from different streams within the Body of Messiah.  Yet it is the prayer of our Lord and Great High Priest that we should be united with Him and with each other even as He is with the Father.  He has reconciled us all to God in one body through the cross, making peace where naturally there is not (Eph 2:16).  We are His inheritance to the praise of His glory, and out from us are to flow rivers of living water to bless His land and His people.  With such a great and precious promise and future of inheriting all things together with the Lord, let this revive our faith, hope, and love to live up to such a joyful expectation already now, and at the last day and the resurrection. 

We are Nachalat Yeshua/ Yeshua’s Inheritance!  Let God be glorified in the joy of the Lord!

IDENTITY OF MESSIANIC CONGREGATIONS IN ISRAEL – May 2004

(This was an interview used to gain a better understanding of the Messianic congregations in Israel.  Some of the specific details, such as number of those in our own congregation and the demographics, have changed since that time.)

Formal Information:

Name of Congregation:  Nachalat Yeshua Messianic Congregation – Beer Sheva
Meeting Place:  “Old House” (built in 1903; owned by Christian & Missionary Alliance since 1913)
City:  Beer Sheva

Congregational History and Background:

1. When was the congregation established?   1972

2.  What was the background of the founders of the congregation and the first members?  
   American, Finnish, Rumanian evangelical missionaries and Jewish new immigrants toIsrael.  Some came from Pentecostal, others from more traditional backgrounds as Christians.

3.  Did the congregation have (and does it still have) a specific denominational background? 
  Not officially, but does have a close relationship with the C&MA through our use of their properties and their workers serving with us over the years.

4.  Why would you describe your congregation as Messianic?
Because we belong to and follow Yeshua the Messiah and express our faith in a Hebrew, Israeli context.

5.  How would you describe the profile of the congregation?  Has this profile developed over the years?  If so, in what direction?
We are, what I call, a cross-denominational congregation.  By this we would mean that the cross of the Lord Jesus Christ defines each believer, and His cross impacts our relationship with any other local church or ethnic group.  Each culture out from which we may have come must also be seen in the light of the cross, and how that would affect the manner in which we live, celebrate holidays – both religious and national.  We are cross-denominational also in that our members have come from a cross-section of humanity and streams within the household of the faith in Jesus as Lord and Messiah.

Our form of service has developed over the years as we have both grown in number and in the make-up of our members.  We are freer now in our services than at the beginning, but still remain tending toward the conservative side of things.  As the Holy Spirit leads us into all truth, we desire to allow what God allows, and to forbid what He forbids.  Humanly, we do not always succeed in this idealistically, yet doctrinally we believe that it is Jesus who is building His church, and He has placed different members of one body with different gifts and callings to labor together to build up the church in love, truth, and righteousness.  We are all required to come together around His Lordship and His Word, rather than determining ourselves which “form of service” will be imposed upon others.  We baptize by immersion believers, fairly shortly after they have expressed their faith in Yeshua as their Savior and Lord, who died for their sins and rose again from among the dead.

Congregational Structure and Demographics:

  1. Approximately how many members does the congregation have, and how many attend meetings regularly?

  Membership is not formal, but we do say that to be a member one must be born-again, consider this local congregation as their home church, accept the recognized leadership for teaching, counsel, discipline.  About 120 attend the weekly service regularly.

2. What percentage of the congregation consists of Jewish/Gentile believers?     60/40                                                                                                                                                                   

3.  What kind of leadership structure does the congregation have?     Pastor, elders, deacons

4.  How are new leaders recruited and appointed, and by whom?
   Till now, always from within the local congregation.  Based on acquaintance and observation, the members of the congregation are given opportunity, when the need is felt, to put forth names of those they consider suitable, given the Scriptural instructions and guidelines, to serve the congregation in an official and recognized position as deacon.  This office is open to both men and women.  The elders make the final determination of those candidates suggested by the members of the congregation.

    Elders are nominated by the other elders, and the names of the candidates are presented to the members of the congregation for prayerful consideration and feedback.  Final determination is by the elders.

    The pastor (of which there has been only one designated as such in the history of this local fellowship) is appointed by the Lord Jesus Christ, with confirmation by the elders and the members of the congregation in the wonderful ways of God to confirm His choice.

    The period of time for these leadership positions is open-ended.

 5.What kind of leadership and/or theological training do the leaders have?
   Most have no formal training.

6.  Is the congregation experiencing growth?  If so in your opinion, why?
   There is spiritual growth, which is partly a matter of faith in the work of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God in the lives of the believers, personally and corporately.  We do not always recognize or appreciate it, but we believe God for bringing us to maturity and fruitfulness as we commit ourselves to Him towards His purposes for our sanctification and glorification for the sake of Jesus His Son.

    We have seen persons and families stabilize under the new conditions and circumstances they face here inIsrael, as well as the departure from ungodly living to serving the living God in truth.  While we have new believers from time to time, we are not necessarily growing significantly in number at this time.  Some families have left, which we sent out to do God’s work elsewhere in the Negev (the south ofIsrael).  Others have left for employment reasons; some have joined up with other [Russian-speaking only] congregations in Beer Sheva; some leave to study in other cities or countries; some enter the military forces.  So the fact that we are not drastically diminishing is itself some sign of “growth”!  We thank and praise the Lord for the increase of believers in Yeshua in our area.

 7.  The immigrants from the former Soviet Union constitute a growing part of the Messianic believers.  Do Russian believers have a prominent role in the congregation, and to what extent does this influence the Messianic identity of the congregation?
   The Russian-speaking believers have a very prominent role in our congregation, being that they comprise about 70% of the members.  They serve in leadership positions of teaching, home groups, deacons, elders, worship leaders, teaching of children’s classes. 

    Their influence on the Messianic identity is positive in that the emphasis is on our relationship with God the Father and the Lord Yeshua the Messiah.  Since most of them did not grow up with a Jewish identity under Communism, then there is also an interest amongst them to know something of that which contributes to our identity and calling as Jewish and Israeli believers in Messiah Jesus.

Congregational Activities:

  1. Describe the regular activities, in addition to the main service, of the congregation.
       We have weekly children’s programs, five home groups, bi-weekly youth meetings, young adults’  meetings, weekly prayer meetings.

      2.  Which feasts and holidays are celebrated in the congregation?  Describe briefly in what manner.
         
We take the Lord’s Supper once per month during our main service, and once each month in our home groups.  At Passover we celebrate a congregational modified seder, taking into account the death and resurrection of the Lamb of God.  For Shavuot/Pentecost, we normally participate with other congregations from aroundIsraelfor a day of celebration.  During the Feast of Ingathering (Trumpets/”New Year” – Day of Atonements – Feast of Booths/Tabernacles), we have encouraged persons to do as the Lord leads regarding fasting and prayer, and we observe the Feast with a small booth and church picnic.  For Hanukka and Christmas, we celebrate the great mystery of Godliness, that God became a man:  the Light of the world, Jesus Christ came in the flesh; for Purim, there is a costume party for those who want, around the theme of the Scroll of Esther.

      3.  How is baptism practiced in the congregation?
Believers are baptized by immersion.  If children, they must have the agreement of their parents.

Order of Worship:

  1. When is the main service held?
       Saturday (Sabbath).  Sunday inIsraelis an ordinary work day.

      2.  Describe the order of worship regularly used in the main service.  If there is no set order of service, give a description of an average service.
   We normally begin with a reading from Scripture from any portion of the Bible.  This leads into our time of praise and worship, with free prayers being part of this time.  If there are testimonies, they would be given as part of thanking and praising the Lord, or for specific prayer.  Financial offerings are collected by two persons selected that day to do so. Flowers are given once  a month for birthdays, anniversaries, new birthdays, baptisms.  Announcements are given.    Children who go to Shabbat school classes come up for a blessing from someone who has been asked to do that.  The teacher/preacher brings the Word of God to us.  A picnic is done once each month.

     3.  Has this order of service developed over time, or has it been constant throughout?  If yes, how has it developed?
  It has been fairly constant over the years, being adjusted as needed.

      4.  What would you consider to be the essence of the Messianic character of the service?
   We consistently use and refer to the whole of the Bible; we use the Hebrew language; we worship the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob;  we believe the promises of YHVH God related to Jesus Christ coming again, and its relevance and impact upon the creation, upon the Body of Messiah, upon the people and landofIsrael, upon the nations of the world.  We observe and acknowledge the set times of the LORD given to Israelas a matter of interest to the Church at large, if not binding for “keeping” them annually.

      5.  How much stress (time spent, prominence in the service) is put upon the different elements of the service?  
              -Prayer – 5-10 minutes  
              -Worship – 30-35 minutes 

              -Scripture Reading, with Teaching and/or Preaching – up to one hour
              -Lord’s Supper – 15-20 minutes once per month

      6.  What kinds of prayers are mainly used?     Free

      7.  How important is the use of the Old versus the New Testament in the service?
          
   Both are important, but the New holds the pre-eminence.

      8.  What is the main objective of the service?
   To worship God corporately; to have His presence in our midst; to hear from Him in various
ways; to minister to one another; to promote humility and holiness; to lift up the Name of the Lord Yeshua the Messiah; to call unsaved and saved to repentance from sin

      9.  Is there is something in the service you would wish to change or develop?  What would this be, and how would you like to change and develop it?
  We would like to see more active ministry of the Holy Spirit working through the different members of the body, and for more of the men to pray out.  Right now, we pray for this, and try to encourage and exhort the believers to both exercise their faith and gifts given them for service, and for the men to take up their responsibility and privilege which God has given.

Theological Reflections:

  1. Why does the congregation wish to identify itself as a Messianic congregation?  What is the essence of the congregation’s Messianic identity?  
    We are an expression of the Church (Messiah’s Body) inIsrael, primarily amongst Jews.  We                believe in the promises of God regarding the Messiah, Yeshua/Jesus, for the nation ofIsrael,                confirmed by the New Testament, even as we desire to bring as many as we can now  to have             their     sins forgiven now, and to know that they have eternal life in Christ as members of His Body.

      2.  Are there diverse theological/dogmatic positions among the members in the congregation?                If so, what room is there for expression of diverging theological positions, and how is the unity of the congregation maintained in spite of these differences?
        Yes, there are.  On issues like the gifts of the Spirit and their uses; the role of women in the               congregation; on matters of style of worship and uses of various musical instruments; on the manner in which the Lord’s Supper is to be taken, including everything from the day, the type of bread, the use of wine of juice, the need or not to wash the feet, on how open or closed to allow participation.

        We strive to maintain the unity in the bond of peace, love, while using the Bible as our basis of               what to allow or disallow; what to insist upon or where to be flexible.  We want to become mature in our faith and in the decisions taken pertaining to the faith we have in the Son of God.  It is testimony to the grace and power of God that we remain together for the sake of Jesus.

      3.  What is the main unifying principle of the congregation? 
      
   God’s love; His sovereignty; the death of Jesus and the blood of the New Covenant; the use of the Hebrew language as a unifier between us who have come from so many language groups.

      4.  What is the congregation’s view on Jewish and Western Christian influence on the congregation?                They each and both have positive value and place, but neither is sufficient, and each present                  dangers to learn from and avoid. 

     5.  Is theological reflection around the issue of the Messianic identity of the congregation prominent, and has it developed over the years?
       We have given serious consideration to the issue of identity.  We are complete in Messiah; our                identity is realized as a new creation of God in Christ.  The gospel is neither Jewish nor Greek.

The Congregation and Jewish Identity:

  1. What elements of the services and other activities of the congregation have a recognizeable Jewish background?  What is the significance of such elements?
       We conduct the service in Hebrew.  There is a banner with a menorah (7-branched lampstand).   At times we will refer to the synagogue ‘Torah portion of the week’ and the corresponding prophetic reading.

      2.  What is the congregation’s attitude towards modern Judaism, as practiced in Israel today?   Modern Judaism is in spiritual opposition to the revelation of Jesus as the Messiah, Son of the Living God.  There remain some elements within Judaism which are culturally acceptable for Jewish believers in Jesus to continue, just as there are within any other people’s national culture.

Being Jewish is a whole identity, as is being Christian.  Being in the world, but not of it, will necessarily include our doing some of those things which belong to that which is natural, and not only that which belongs to the world to come.

      3.  Does the congregation wish to become more of less “Jewish”?
        
We want to become more like the Son of God!  Evangelistically, we may be as Jews to the Jews, but within the congregation we must emphasize our identity as one new man in Messiah, where the essence is not Jewishness or any other ethnicity, but rather Christ, and our relationship to the Father and the Son and with one another through the Holy Spirit .

The Congregation and Western Christianity:

  1. To what degree are the activities of the congregation influenced by contemporary western Christian trends?
    Generally to a rather large extent, since most of us are from the West, or from the West’s sphere of influence.  Most of the media in all its forms are western based and oriented.  Most of the men and women “of renown” with world-wide influence are westerners, or have moved there.  The influence spiritually is of a mixed nature in terms of positive or negative, healthy or unhealthy.
  2. To what degree is the congregation determined by a foreign, western, influence at its founding? Significantly, being that the ones around whom the Lord began to build this congregation were all western believers.  However, they also decided together that this congregation would be a local indigenous Messianic congregation.

      3.  What formal or informal ties does the congregation have to Christian congregations, organizations, or denominations abroad?  And how do these influence the congregational life?
  
While we have informal ties to different “bodies”, we are not bound to any nor they to us, other than as God puts together or separates.  We are all obliged to Him.  Clearly, we have a close and special relationship with the C&MA in theU.S., as mentioned earlier.  This has as much to do with our essential agreements doctrinally, . . . .as it does with their properties and founding initiatives.

Plans and Visions for the Congregation:

  1. What visions do you have for the congregation?
    To be streams of living water in theNegev; to do good works in Jesus’ name to glorify our Father;to bring forth holy and righteous fruit to God’s praise; for as many as possible to be prepared to endure to the end and have part in the first resurrection, whether dead or alive.2.  What aspects of the congregational life can, or need to be strengthened in the future?
       Prayer; commitment to one another in love; actively being a blessing to others; being found    reliable and trustworthy in the work entrusted to each one for the edifying of the whole; compatible, cooperative, and competent leadership3.  What, in your opinion, can Messianic congregations contribute to the world-wide Church in the future?
       Faithfulness to the truth of the gospel, and an attitude of humility and forgiveness towards our           brethren from out of the other nations.  This would contribute towards a return to the whole           counsel of God, and to healing of broken relationships within His redeemed family, as we proclaim      the truth of Jesus as Lord and Messiah.The Congregation and Israeli Society:

    1. To what degree do you, as a congregation, feel that you are accepted in Israeli society? Tolerated from a distance, with legal and illegal efforts to curtail evangelism.

          2.  What is the attitude towards the congregation in your local area?
    Mostly indifference, but increasing curiosity once they realize we are here.  We have experienced an outbreak of hostility led by the ultra-religious, but this has not been the norm till now.

     3.  What is the attitude of the authorities towards the congregation?
    Ambivalence.  Torn between emotional antagonism and the legal obligations of a supposed free and democratic society. 

     4.  How does the congregation reflect upon and practice evangelism in light of these attitudes?Mostly through personal, rather than public, evangelism.  From the Scriptures, we accept these present negative attitudes as “normal”, with a need to break down the strongholds – especially of the mindset opposing YHVH and His Anointed One – which have been built up and fortified through centuries of unbelief, rebellion, and rejection.

    The Congregation and the Messianic Movement:

    1. Is the congregation a member of a larger denomination or group of congregation in Israel?Not officially or formally

          2.  In what context outside the congregation itself is your identity as a fellowship rooted?
    We are part of the historic, world-wide (universal), and national Body of Messiah through our common salvation by faith in the grace of God revealed to us by the gospel.

    3. Do you cooperate with other Messianic congregations?  How?  And how important is this for your congregation?
    Yes.  We do this through national and regional leadership meetings and conferences.  Members of our congregation participate in other conferences open to other segments of the Body.  We have visiting pastors from other congregations come to teach and preach in ours.  As a congregation, we have held joint services with other congregations, including Arab, “Russian-only”.  It is our view that this is a very vital way to express our unity here in Israel as believers in Jesus, to appreciate the bigger work that God is doing around the country and in the lives of other congregations, and to become better acquainted with other brothers and sisters in the faith.

    4.  Is/Are the congregation’s leader/s active in a network of other Messianic leaders?  If so, please describe how this cooperation functions.
    Yes.  Both have been involved through the years in different capacities on boards of Messianic/Christian alliances within the country, whether for providing financial assistance to needy believers, or as a board member of reconciliation ministries, of the Israel College of the Bible, or leadership prayer gatherings, of the Christian students’ advisory board.  These are all voluntary, non-paying positions and functions, some for set times, others for indefinite periods.

     5.  What role, in your opinion, does cooperation play in the forming of a unified Messianic identity among Messianic congregations in Israel?  And what effect does such cooperation have on your congregation?
    Cooperation certainly plays an important role as a unifying element.  It promotes and strengthens prayer through mutual relationships, and gives us a stronger testimony throughout the country when we know that we are part of a larger whole.  Since our identity is attacked as Jews believing in Jesus – and yet remaining Jews while being Christian – this cooperation helps to fortify the weaker members to be better able to give an answer for the hope within them, and to stand against the baseless attacks regarding our identity.  Our congregation has also benefited from this wider cooperation, and we have been able to also bless others with our positions on some of these matters.

    The Messianic Movement in Israeli Society:

    1. What, in your opinion, is the position of the Messianic movement in Israeli society?
      The number of Jewish believers is increasing; there is greater unity of Spirit being demonstrated between the different streams of the faith; demonstrations of true reconciliation between Jewish and Arab believers are more evident.  At the same time, there are contentions over fundamental issues, such as the deity of Jesus, and grace over law.

     2.  What is the attitude of the press towards the Messianic movement?
       Since most of the press is biased away from and against the things of God, this is also reflected    when they cover believers, the faith, congregations.  Due to ignorance, they often distort what is    actually said or occurring.  Compared with their attitudes expressed towards the ultra-religious    Jews, we come out favorably when writing about us in light of civil liberties.  But when relating to our faith in Jesus and the New Testament (not to mention in the Word of God in the Old), their attitude is generally negative.  There are, thankfully, occasions of someone, whom the Holy Spirit must be touching, communicating as a media person with respect and the fear of God.

    3.  Have attitudes towards Messianic Jews changed over the last years?       Yes and no.

    4.  How do these attitudes influence the self-identity of Messianic believers and their congregations?
    Responses vary, usually depending upon the “self-identity” of their leaders.  The more “Jewish” the congregational leader/s is/are are want to be, the more prone they are to seeking approval of the Israeli Jewish society in which they are and with whom they identify themselves.  The more they see themselves identified with Jesus, the Son of Man (and not limited to being specifically a Jew), the less are they negatively impacted by the issue of self-identity, since our identity is realized in Christ, and not as separate from Him.of other congregations, and to become better acquainted with other brothers and sisters in the faith.