1:11 (Gen 27:41; Ezek 25:12-14; Obad 14; Ps 83:6-7 [5-6 Eng]) Esau’s rage and anger against his brother Jacob/Israel bring YHVH God’s near- and long-term judgments. We see the same spirit at work today amongst Muslims and Palestinians.
2:4-5 YHVH God will judge Judah (the Jewish people) because they have rejected the law of YHVH and have not kept His statutes, but have followed the lies of their fathers.
2:6-16 On that day, YHVH God will judge Israel for all her unrighteousness, uncleanness, unfaithfulness.
3:1-2 (Dt 31:27; Gal 4:9; Lk 12:48; Rom 2:8-11) The whole family of Israel to be specially punished by YHVH because she is His specially chosen family whom he has known.
3:7-8 YHVH reveals what He is doing to His servants, the prophets; He has spoken! Who can but prophesy?!
4:6,8-11 Israel’s stubbornness; despite famine, drought, pestilence, plague, judgments, yet Israel has not returned to YHVH God of Hosts
5:4-6 Seek Me, says YHVH, and live!
5:14-15 Seek good, not evil, that you may live; hate evil, love good; maintain justice in the courts
5:18-24 (8:20-21; Mt 27:45) Woe to you who long for the Day of YHVH!
–Can the time of Yeshua on the cross – bearing the sin of the world and our sins – be understood as the paradigm for the Day of YHVH?
–judgment against sinners
–justification for all who believe in hope of God’s mercy
9:11-12 restoration of David’s fallen tabernacle
–government of God through King after His own heart
–inclusion of Israelis and gentiles
9:13-15 future millennial blessings