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1:2-3   warning by YHVH through the prophet of coming global destruction against man and animals 1:4-13   warning of God against Judah – against the remnant group within Israel    1:6 (Heb 10:38-39)   warning of judgment against those amongst God’s people who “turn back from … Continue reading


1:1-6   repent and believe the Word of YHVH; brings self-judgment of God’s righteousness

2:12-17 [8-13 Eng]   God’s judgment against nations who have plundered Israel will be evidence that YHVH of Hosts has sent YHVH of Hosts!; many gentiles will be joined to Him in that day; … Continue reading

OBADIAH (~840 or 587 BC)

Edom is Esau, who always has acted with hatred and murderous bitterness towards his brother Jacob/Israel (Gen 27:41).  Edom represents those nations and people acting in the flesh against YHVH God’s sovereignty and choice.

Edom’s spirit:

Unbrotherliness … Continue reading

NAHUM (664 – 612 BC)

1:2-3   YHVH is a jealous and avenging God who, though not quickly, will punish the guilty 1:6 (Rev 6:17)   no one can endure His wrath 1:9   evil will be brought to an end by YHVH God 1:11 (Nah 3:18; Ezek … Continue reading

MICAH (742 – 687 BC)

1:2   a prophetic call for all peoples and the Earth to hear YHVH witness against them from His holy Temple 1:3   YHVH goes out from His place and comes down to the Land of Israel and to the Earth 1:4   earthquakes at His visitation … Continue reading


2:7-8 (Rev 2:1)   The priest is the messenger of YHVH of Hosts, and is reproved for false teaching of God’s Law and ways. 2:14-16 (Mk 10:2-12)   Marriage is given for the purpose of giving God children; God hates divorce as … Continue reading

JONAH (760 BC)

Where was Jonah born?. . . . . . . . . . . . . in Gat-HaHepher (winepress of the digging) Where is Gat-HaHefer?. . . . . . . . . . . . . .in lower Galilee, near to and north-east of Nazareth, in the portion of the Tribe of Zebulon (Josh … Continue reading

JOEL (810 – 750 BC)

Joel 1 & 2 – – – – – – – Read Revelation 6 & 9

2:2 (Jer 30:7; Dan 12:1; Mt 24:21)   a unique period in human history:  unprecedented, and never to be like it again

Again a call to repentance from … Continue reading

HOSEA (~760 – 722 BC)

1:6 (Acts 17:30-31)   a daughter named Lo-Ruchama, for YHVH will no longer show mercy to Israel to forgive them

1:7 (Zech 4:6; Mt 1:21)   Judah to be saved – not by bow, sword or battle, but by YHVH their God

… Continue reading


2:1   The Word of YHVH came through Haggai the prophet on the 21st of the 7th month, i.e., near the end of Succot (the Feast of Booths), the last of the appointed times of YHVH to Israel, and the beginning of the “new year”, with God revealed and … Continue reading


1:2-4 (Ps 11:3; Heb 7:18-19)   no justice; more oppression by wicked over the righteous; the Law is powerless

1:5-11   a ruthless people (the Babylonians) will be used by God to punish His own people for their sin       –Is this similar to Muslim … Continue reading

AMOS (760 BC)

1:11 (Gen 27:41; Ezek 25:12-14; Obad 14; Ps 83:6-7 [5-6 Eng])   Esau’s rage and anger against his brother Jacob/Israel bring YHVH God’s near- and long-term judgments.  We see the same spirit at work today amongst Muslims and Palestinians.

2:4-5   YHVH God will judge Judah (the Jewish … Continue reading


(Prepared as series of studies on the Minor Prophets for the discipleship program, Lech Lecha)

With one voice the prophets speak (2Pt 1:19-21) of the Messiah, the Son of God, and of His Kingdom.  Every jot and tittle of what they spoke and wrote will be fulfilled. (Mt 5:17-18)

Is 46:10   I declare the end from the beginning, and from ancient … Continue reading